author = {Cheng, Jianyi and Josipovi\'{c}, Lana and Constantinides, George A. and Ienne, Paolo and Wickerson, John},
title = {Combining Dynamic \& Static Scheduling in High-Level Synthesis},
year = {2020},
isbn = {9781450370998},
publisher = {Association for Computing Machinery},
address = {New York, NY, USA},
url = {https://doi.org/10.1145/3373087.3375297},
doi = {10.1145/3373087.3375297},
abstract = {A central task in high-level synthesis is scheduling: the allocation of operations to clock cycles. The classic approach to scheduling is static, in which each operation is mapped to a clock cycle at compile-time, but recent years have seen the emergence of dynamic scheduling, in which an operation's clock cycle is only determined at run-time. Both approaches have their merits: static scheduling can lead to simpler circuitry and more resource sharing, while dynamic scheduling can lead to faster hardware when the computation has non-trivial control flow.In this work, we seek a scheduling approach that combines the best of both worlds. Our idea is to identify the parts of the input program where dynamic scheduling does not bring any performance advantage and to use static scheduling on those parts. These statically-scheduled parts are then treated as black boxes when creating a dataflow circuit for the remainder of the program which can benefit from the flexibility of dynamic scheduling.An empirical evaluation on a range of applications suggests that by using this approach, we can obtain 74% of the area savings that would be made by switching from dynamic to static scheduling, and 135% of the performance benefits that would be made by switching from static to dynamic scheduling.},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2020 ACM/SIGDA International Symposium on Field-Programmable Gate Arrays},
pages = {288-298},
numpages = {11},
keywords = {static analysis, dynamic scheduling, high-level synthesis},
location = {Seaside, CA, USA},
series = {FPGA '20}